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Passover - Pesach

The whole feast is known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread or Passover, and has three main elements:

 

Passover 

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt, "This is to be for you the first month of the year.

Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb

for his family... The animals you choose must be year old males without defect, and you may take

them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month,

when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.

 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and the tops of the door frames

of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire,

along with bitter herbs,  and bread made  without yeast...Eat it in haste; it is the Lord's Passover."

'On that same night, I will pass through Egypt and strike down  every firstborn  -  both men

and animals - and I will bring  judgement on all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord. The blood

will be a sign for you on the houses where you are;  and when I see the blood, I will pass over you.'

(Exodus 12 1-13)

Jesus/Yeshua fulfilled Passover - God's firstborn son, the Lamb of God, who was without sin

(or 'defect'), was sacrificed so that death  (eternal separation from God) would pass over us.

Unleavened Bread

'For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast

from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first until the seventh

must be cut off from Israel.  On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on

the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat.

Celebrate the Feasts of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your                                   The Seder Plate

divisions out of Egypt.'                                                                                                                                              The Seder or Passover Meal comes from 

(Exodus 12 14-17)                                                                                                                                                         the root word meaning 'order' and reflects                                                                                                                                                                                                  the fixed order of service. Yeshua's last meal

                                                                                                                                                                                      with his disciples was a Seder.

Yeast became a symbol of the Israelites' life of bondage in Egypt. It is also a symbol of sin. 

Egypt is a 'type' or symbol of the world, in the Bible. Hence, this feast speaks of our need                        The Seder plate contains the following:

for separation from the world - sanctification. It is a picture of how, having saved us from

the world, God wants us to change, to become like Him .                                                                                 Karpas - parsley - dipped into salt water                                                                                                                                                                                                    to represent hyssop used to mark the 

                                                                                                                         doorposts and the tears shed during slavery

First Fruits.

First fruits speaks of resurrection and shows the power of sanctification                                                    Maror - bitter herbs (usually horseradish)

- setting aside our lives for our Saviour, Yeshua. On the days after the Sabbath, the priest                       symbolise the bitterness of Egyptian slavery 

would take a sheaf of the first fruits and wave it before the Lord as an offering. Yeshua                         

fulfilled First Fruits when He became the first to be resurrected from the dead and                                 Beitzah - roasted egg represents the burnt

presented Himself to the Father as the 'first fruits' from the dead.                                                                offerings of the Temple sacrifice, as well as

                                                                                                                                                                                     life and the hardness of life

                                                                                                                                                                                     Zeroa - shankbone of lamb - symbolic of the

                                                                                                                                                                                     Pascal lamb offered as the Passover sacrifice

                                                                                                                                                                                     Haroset  a mixture of apples, nuts, spices

                                                                                                                                                                                     and wine - represents the mortar used by

                                                                                                                                                                                     Hebrew slaves to build structures in Egypt.

                                                                                                                                                                                     It's sweetness symbolises God's kindness,

                                                                                                                                                                                     which made slavery more bearable.

                                                                                                                                                                                     Hazaret  second bitter herb, often lettuce

            

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